Saturday, May 18, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 19

Nordlohne, Germany
This week’s post is about my husband’s 3rd great-grandfather, Albert Herman Lutchel. Albert was born in 1813 in Nordlohne, which is a village in the Lower Saxony county of Bentheim. Germany. His parents are unknown at this time. Sometime before 1848, Albert made his way to America.

On 20 February 1848, he married Anna Adelheid Dauenberg in Cincinnati, Ohio. On 5 September 1850, Albert purchased land in District 7 of Dubuque County, Iowa where he established his farm. He and Anna had the following children: Herman Bernard born 1850; Anna Maria Elisabetha born 1852; Anna Catharina born 1853; Maria Sophia born 1855; Anna Maria born 1857; and Elisabeth born 1859.

Albert died 15 March 1859 in New Vienna at the age of 46, when his youngest child Elisabeth was just 8 days old. Anna was left a widow with children ages 9, 7, 6, 4, 2, and a newborn. On 26 July 1859, Anna married Johan Wilhelm Pottebaum at St. Boniface Church in New Vienna, Dubuque County, Iowa. She and the children moved to Johan’s farm in nearby Liberty Township. They had a son, Henry, who was born in 1860 when Anna was 42 years old. Anna died on 26 February 1861.

By the 1870 census John had remarried and the census shows that his and Anna’s son Henry was living with him and his new wife, in addition to three children he had with the new wife. None of Albert and Anna’s 5 children (their daughter Anna Catharina died at the age of 10 in 1863) remained in the household of their stepfather. One can only imagine how terrible it must have been for them to lose both of their parents so young, and to then be separated from each other.

This post marks the end of the Lutchel family line in my research.

Saturday, May 11, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 18

Herman Bernard Luchtel, my husband’s 2nd great-grandfather, was born 28 July 1850 in New Vienna, Dubuque, Iowa. He was the oldest child of Albert and Anna (Dauenberg) Luchtel. When he was born his father was a farmer in District No. 7 in the County of Dubuque. After his father died in 1859, his mother remarried and Herman and his siblings moved to his stepfather Johan Wilhelm Pottebaum’s farm in Liberty Township in the County of Dubuque.

By the time of the 1870 census, 19-year-old Herman was working as a laborer on the farm of Henry Steffen in New Wine Township in Dubuque County. On 16 July 1872, he married Sophia Grote in Petersburg, Delaware County. Herman was a farmer in Wheatland Township, Carroll County, and he and Sophia had the following children: Mary Anna born 1873; Anna born 1874; Henry born 1876; Clemens Anton born 1880; Frank Herman born 1882; and Clara Sophia born 1891.


By 1910 Herman was no longer farming, but owned a home in Wheatland Township. He died in Breda at the age of 73 on 15 August 1923. He is buried at St. Bernard Cemetery in Breda.

Luchtel stone

Monday, May 6, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 17

So far I have covered the Wolterman, Determan and Woerdehoff families in my husband’s tree. The next series of posts will focus on Theresa (Determan) Wolterman’s mother and her family.

Theresa’s mother was Mary Anna Luchtel. Mary was born 17 June 1873, the first child of Herman Bernard and Sophia (Grote) Luchtel. Though Mary was born in Dyersville, Dubuque County, Iowa, by the time the 1880 census was taken, the Luchtel family resided in Wheatland Township, Carroll County, Iowa. That’s a distance of nearly 223 miles!

Iowa map

It is interesting to think that if the Luchtel family had not made the move, Mary would have never met Johann August Determan, whom she married in Breda, Carroll County, Iowa on 27 January 1891 when she was just 17 years old. Their marriage and a listing of their children was covered in Week 8, which can be found here.

Mary and August’s story was also covered in Week 7, which can be found here. Seven years after the death of August on 18 March 1910 in Butte, Boyd County, Nebraska, Mary married Bernard Clemens Schulte (known as Clem) and moved with 4 of her children to the Schulte farm in Breda, Carroll County, Iowa. The 1920 census for Wheatland Township indicates that Clem and Mary were living on the farm with Clem’s children Sarah, Mary, and Edward, and Mary’s children Clement, Theresa, Martha and Joseph.

Clem died in Breda on 11 March 1930 at the age of 81, leaving Mary a widow at only 56 years of age. The 1930 census shows her renting a home that is not located on a farm. Her son Joseph is living with her. By the 1940 census, Mary was living alone in a home in Breda that she owned on Artz Street. This is a relatively short street that runs between N. 1st St. and N. 2nd St., within easy walking distance of St. Bernard’s Church. Further information on the census shows that Mary was living in the same house in 1935, and that the highest grade she had completed in school was 6th grade.

Mary was 82 when she died in Fairfax, Renville County, Minnesota on 25 November 1955. It is probable that she had relocated to the Fairfax area to be close to her daughter, Theresa (Determan) Wolterman, and her family. Mary was buried by her first husband, August Determan, at Saints Peter and Paul Cemetery in Butte, Nebraska.

Mary's stone

Saturday, April 27, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 16

My husband’s 5th great-grandfather was Mathias Woerdehoff, who was born in Hegensdorf, Westphalia, Germany in 1709. At this time I do not know anything about his parents or siblings. On 25 January 1735 he married Anna Maria Rinschen in Hegensdorf.

Mathias and Anna Maria had the following children: Johannes Georg born 1735; Johannes Antonius born 1737; Johannes Theodorus born 1739; Adam Joseph born 1742; Anna Maria Catharina born 1744, died before 1750; Franziskus Henricus (whom I wrote about last week) born 1747; Anna Maria Catharina born 1750; and Maria Elizabeth born 1752.

On 18 October 1775, Mathias passed away in Hegensdorf at the age of 66. Anna Maria lived the rest of her life in Hegensdorf, and was 76 when she died on 24 April 1787.

This marks the end of the Woerdehoff line in terms of documentation that I have found on the family.

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 15

Franziskus Henricus Woerdehoff was born in Hegensdorf, Westphalia, Germany on 14 March 1747. He was the youngest son of Mathias and Anna Maria (Rinschen) Woerdehoff. On 24 January 1775, Franziskus married Catherine Margaretha Bickmann in Hegensdorf.

Franziskus and Catherine had the following children: Johannes (whom I wrote about last week) born 1775; Alexander born 1777, Angela born 1779; and Anna Maria born 1783. Catherine died in Hegensdorf on 1 November 1808 at the age of 56. Franziskus was 62 when he died the next year on the 26th of July.

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 14

My husband’s 3rd great-grandfather was also named Johannes Woerdehoff. He was born to Franziskus Henricus and Catherine Margaretha (Bickmann) on 10 March 1775 in Hegensdorf, Westphalia, Germany. Located in a wooded and hilly area in northwestern Germany, this village may also be referred to as Hegensdorf, Paderborn, Nordrhein-Wesfalen. Paderborn indicates the administrative district that Hegensdorf is located in, and Nordrhein-Westfalen refers to the state. Hegensdorf is one of the oldest villages in the district, and was first mentioned in a document in 975. The local Catholic church is St. Vitus, which dates back to at least 1353.

St. Vitus Catholic Church

In the 1800s, the average population in the village was 450. About 100 of those residents left in that century to head to America and other locations. Included in that number were Conrad Woerdehoff, whom I wrote about last week, and his wife and children.

On 24 November 1808, Johannes married Anna Maria Isabella Josepha Ruether in Hegensdorf. They had the following children: Johannes Conradus (Conrad) born 1810; Vitrus Everhardus born 1812; Johann Herman Aloysius born 1816; and Anna Maria Christina Theresia born 1820.

Having lived his entire life in Hegensdorf, Johannes died at the age of 53 on 7 May 1828. His youngest child was only 8 years old at the time. His wife Anna Maria died 13 April 1835 at the age of 48.

Saturday, April 6, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 13

As recorded in the records of Holy Cross Parish in Hegensdorf, Westphalia, Germany, Johannes Conradus Woerdehoff (AKA Conrad) was born 6 December 1810. He was the oldest child of Johannes and Anna Maria (Ruether) Woerdehoff. The Woerdehoffs of Wesphalia were farmers, not landowners. That fact most likely contributed to Conrad’s later decision to emigrate to America, though he was the only one in his family to leave Germany.

St. Birgitta, Weiberg
He married Catharina Margaretha Wübbeke (whose name also may be shown as Wibbeke)) on 18 November 1843 at St. Birgitta in Weiberg, Westphalia. He was 33 and Margaretha, as she was known, was 22.

Their first 5 children were born in Germany: Johann Wilhelm in 1844; Aloysius Louis in 1848; Elizabeth in 1851; Mary in 1853; and Herman Conrad in 1855.

On 13 April 1857, a travel pass from the Royal Prussian government was issued to Conrad, granting permission for him and his family to emigrate to the United States. The pass indicated that Conrad was 5’6” in height with blackish hair and blue eyes, and was only valid for 40 days. The Woerdehoff family of 7 sailed from Bremerhaven aboard the sailing packet Ernestine the latter part of April 1857. There were 309 passengers on board the ship, which arrived in New Orleans on 17 June 1857.

Ernestine sailing vessel

The Ernestine began its life as the U.S. ship Columbus, built in New York in 1834. These boats were called packets because their original purpose was for shipping mail and freight. In 1847, the Columbus was purchased by a Bremen firm, which renamed her the Ernestine.

Ernestine passenger list

While the passenger list showed that the final destination of the Woerdehoffs was St. Louis, the family instead continued traveling up the Mississippi River to Dubuque. Many German immigrants entered the United States through the port of New Orleans and traveled by boat on this same route because they had heard of German settlements in Iowa, with the additional attraction of Catholic churches being built there.

possible photo of Conrad ~1860
Conrad purchased 40 acres of virgin land from the U.S. government in July of 1857. It was located in Section 9 of Bremen Township, Delaware County, Iowa. He built a log home and planted crops, gradually increasing his holdings to 120 acres.

While the family became some of the first members of St. Boniface Church in New Vienna, they joined St. Francis Xavier Parish in Dyersville when that church was completed in 1862. They worshipped at St. Francis until Saints Peter and Paul parish was constructed in Petersburg in 1868.

Margaretha and Conrad had 5 more children who were born on the family farm: Margaretha in 1858; Anton in 1860; Bernadine in 1860 (Anton and Bernadine were twins); Catherine (whom I wrote about in Week 12) in 1862; and Henry in 1866.

Conrad and Margaretha's children 

Conrad died of pneumonia on 1 May 1870 at the age of 60. He is reportedly buried at St. Francis Cemetery in Dyersville, though there is no tombstone for him. Quite probably there was no money to purchase a stone. His widow, with 9 children still at home, managed to keep the farm and even pay off the mortgage. Margaretha died on 7 March 1893 at the age of 72. She is buried in the cemetery at Saints Peter and Paul.

Margaretha Wübbeke Woerdehoff


Saturday, March 30, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 12

In the first 11 weeks of this year I have written about what I know of the Wolterman and Determan families. Next I will cover Frank Conrad Wolterman’s mother and her family.

Catherine Woerdehoff, my husband’s paternal great-grandmother, was born 8 June 1862 in the area that was later to be called Petersburg, Delaware County, Iowa. She was the 9th of 10 children born to Johannes Conradus and Catharina Margaretha (Wübbeke) Determan.

The farm where the family lived was located in Bremen Township. It is always interesting to me to see the German roots of the early settlers reflected in the naming of geographic areas. In 1864, Bremen Township had 95 dwellings with a total population of nearly 550 people. The Woerdehoff land is indicated by the red outline and arrow on the map below.

Conrad Woerdehoff land 1869

As the post office was not established until 7 March 1874, Petersburg did not technically exist when Catherine was born. Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Church and school were also completed in 1874, and by 1877 there were 50 pupils and just one teacher! Prior to 1874, the settlers attended religious services at Louvain and then at Dyersville.

Catherine (also called Katie) was just 7 years old when her father died in 1870. Her family continued to live on the farm, however. The 1880 census indicates that she was still residing in Bremen Township, Delaware County. Sometime shortly after that, she left Petersburg to join one of her siblings in western Iowa. Her brother Aloysious and sister Mary both lived in Carroll County Iowa by 1880.

On 6 February 1883 at the age of 20 Catherine married Gerhard (George) Wolterman in Breda, Carroll County, Iowa. Together they raised 13 children on their farm. George and Catherine’s story was covered in Week 2, which can be found here.

Catherine and George Wolterman

Catherine died in Breda of cardiovascular disease on 15 August 1935. She was 73 years old, and was buried alongside George (who had died in 1921) at Saint Bernards Cemetery in Breda.

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 11

Johann Hermann Bernard Determan, my husband’s 4th great-grandfather, was born about 1745 in Lower Saxony, Germany. I have no information regarding his parents or any siblings he might have had. On 30 April 1777, he married Anna Gertrude Knoop in Lengerich. He was 32 and since Anna was only 17 it is possible that she was not his first wife.

Their son Johann Wilhelm, who was the subject of my last post, was born 24 August 1778 in Lingen. The only other child I have a record of is Johann Gerard Jakob, who was born 25 July 1780 in Lingen.

Johann Hermann died in Lingen on 19 September 1802 at the age of 57. His wife Anna was just 52 when she died on 30 March 1812, presumably in Lingen.

This marks the end of the Determan line in terms of documentation that I have found on the family.

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 10

In the last post I talked about Bernhard Clemens Determan. This week his father, Johann Wilhelm Determan, is the topic of discussion. Johann was born 24 August 1778 in Lingen, Germany. Lingen dates back to 975, and today has a population of about 57,000. It is the largest town in the district of Emsland in Lower Saxony.

Johann was the son of Johann Hermann Bernard and Anna Gertrude (Knoop) Determan. He married Anna Maria Koelker on 24 September 1801 in Recke, Germany, which is about 39 km (or 24 miles) from Lingen. Johann was 23 and Anna Maria 20 at the time of their marriage.

They had the following children: Christina Elisabeth born 25 April 1803; Johann Henrich born 28 June 1804; Hermann Bernard born 6 November 1807; Anna Maria born 13 August 1808; Bernhard Clemens (whom I wrote about last week) born 17 May 1815; Kathleen Friederike born in 1816; Benedict Richard born 14 June 1821; Herman Bernard 8 July 1823; Maria Caroline born 30 October 1826. Of the 10 children, at least 8 of them came to America and lived and died in Iowa.

Johann died in Germany 18 March 1837 at the age of 58. It is unclear when his wife Anna Maria passed away.

Sunday, March 10, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 9

Bernhard Clemens Determan, my husband’s 2nd great-grandfather, was born 17 May 1815 in Hestrup, a parish in Lengerich which is a municipality in the Emsland district of Lower Saxony, Germany. His parents were Johann Wilhelm and Anna Maria (Koelker) Determan. He was their 5th in a line of 10 children.

Lower Saxony region, with Lengerich indicated
by the red star

Clemens, as he was commonly known, married Maria Anna Sander in Lengerich on 3 February 1841. They came to America aboard the ship Leontine in 1845, departing from Bremen and arriving in New Orleans on 7 January 1845. The Leontine was a three-masted ship of 758 tons built at Vagesak for D.H. Watjen & Co. She was first launched on 19 April 1844. The ship master was Wilhelm Johann Ariaans. Traveling with them were their children: Johan Bernard Joseph born 9 August 1841 in Lengerich; and Johan Clemens born 29 August 1843 in Lengerich. There were other Determan relatives onboard the ship as well, and a 19-year-old man named William Wolterman. I’m not sure if he fits anywhere in the Wolterman tree or not.

The family first settled in Galena, Illinois. The family grew by two more children in Galena: Mary Caroline born 13 April 1846; and Friedrick Wilhelm born 5 November 1847. By 1849 the family had relocated to Hampshire Township in Clinton County, Iowa, where Clemens established a farm. The following children were born here: Rosanna born 28 May 1849; Benedict born 18 October 1850; Mary born 1 February 1853; Heinrich born 10 June 1854; Herman born 9 Jan 1856; and Steven Bernhard born 14 December 1859.

Hampshire Township 1865
Determan land 1865

The Clemens Determan farm is noted above by the red star. It was northwest of the original settlement of Lyons. Lyons was established by Elijah Buell, who arrived in the area on 25 July 1835. It was then platted as a village in 1837, a few years before Clinton County was officially created. It grew into a city, and in 1894 was included in the northern portion of the city of Clinton. The 1860 census for Clinton County was 18,938.

Determan home and barn

Clemens donated some of his farmland for St. Boniface Church to build a Catholic school in order to ensure that German would be taught. Later a dance hall, a saloon, and a shed for the horses were constructed as well. At one time 30 children attended the school, most whom were Determans or relatives of them.

Maria died 1 January 1860 at the age of 43 in Lyons, Clinton County, Iowa, just a few weeks after giving birth to Stephen. Her death certificate indicates Dropsy as her cause of death.

A few short months later on 29 April 1860 Clemens married Maria’s niece, who had the same name - Maria Anna Sander. Talk about confusing! Reportedly, Maria #1’s brother Johann Heinrich Sander, his wife Maria Anna (Vanderhar) and their daughter Maria #2 had been working on the Determan property at the time. Maria #2 was 22 and Clemens was 45 when they married. Clemens fathered 10 more children with his second wife. They were listed in the previous blog post, which can be found here.

Clemens and Maria #2 Determan's children

Clemens died at the age of 66 on 23 May 1881 in Clinton County, Iowa. He is buried in St. Boniface Cemetery in Lyons, Iowa. Maria #2 died 8 July 1884 when she was just 47 years old. Her youngest child was only 5 at the time. In the 1885 Iowa census Louie, Anthony, John, Maria Catherina, and Leo were all living with their older half-siblings, with Rosanna being listed as the head of household. She was 36 and had never married, but indeed became a mother nonetheless with the passing of her step-mother.

Saturday, March 2, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 8

Theresa Kathryn Determan was covered in my last post. This one will talk about her father, Johann August Determan. Johann, who went by his middle name August, was born 11 September 1867 in Lyons, Clinton County, Iowa to Bernhard Clemens and Maria Anna (Sander) Determan. His siblings included Marie Elizabeth born 1861, Johann Gerhard born born 1862, Theresa born 1864, Anton born 1866, Leo born 1869, Maria Catherina born 1871, John born 1874, Anthony John born 1876, and Louie born 1879. All of the children were born in Clinton County, Iowa. August also had at least 7 older half-siblings, but I will get into that story in my next post when I talk about his father.

At the age of 23, August married Mary Anna Luchtel. She was 17 at the time, and was the daughter of Herman Bernard and Sophia (Grote) Luchtel. The wedding took place in Breda, Carroll County, Iowa on 27 January 1891. August and Mary had 10 children, all of whom were born in Mount Carmel, Iowa. The children were listed in last week’s blog post, which can be found here.

Determan land in Iowa

August farmed in Carroll County until 1908, when he moved his family to land in Butte, Nebraska. On 18 March 1910, August died in Butte. He was only 42 years of age. He is buried in Saints Peter and Paul Cemetery in Butte.

Johann August Determan's
headstone

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 7

In my last post, I took the Wolterman male line back as far as I can at this point. This week I will begin with Theresa Kathryn Determan, my husband’s paternal grandmother, and work back through the Determan side of the family.

Theresa was born 17 May 1903 in Mount Carmel, Carroll County, Iowa to Johann August and Mary Anna (Luchtel) Determan. She joined older siblings Caroline born in 1891, Mary born in 1892, Frank born in 1894, Laura born in 1896, Elizabeth born in 1897, Edward born in 1899 and Clement born in 1901. Two additional children were born after Theresa: Martha in 1905 and Joseph in 1907. All of the children were born in Mount Carmel, Iowa, where they lived on a farm.

The Determan family traveled by train to Butte, Nebraska in 1908 when Theresa was 5 years old. Johann (who went by his middle name August), established a farm in Butte. Two years later August died at the age of 42. Mary was only 37, but she continued to hold onto the farm with the help of her children and hired hands until 1917. At that point, so the family story goes, 68-year-old Bernard Clemens Schulte came from Breda, Iowa to visit Mary in Butte. His wife, Marie Elizabeth Determan, had died in 1913. Marie was the older sister of August Determan. She and Bernard had 12 children, and she was 51 when she died.

Clem Schulte farm
Bernard proposed to Mary, and she moved back to Breda with the following children: Clement, Theresa, Martha, and Joseph. (August and Mary’s son Edward had died in 1900.) Her son Frank remained on the farm, and her daughters Carolyn, Mary, Laura, and Elizabeth had all married and stayed in Nebraska.

On 14 November 1917, Bernard and Mary married in Breda, Iowa. Mary was 44 years old at the time of her second marriage. At least 4 of Bernard’s children would have still been at home at this time.

Theresa was in 9th grade when they relocated to the Schulte farm in Iowa. She later said that she and her siblings were happy to have a shorter walk to school in Iowa. In Nebraska it was 3 miles from the farm to their school.

Theresa worked in a dry goods store. I've been corrected since my post about Frank Conrad Wolterman regarding how she met her future husband. She and Frank met at a dance, not a shower. They married on 6 June 1922 at St. Bernard Church in Breda, Iowa. From this union came 11 children, and as I explained in my first post, I am not listing the birth years of the children because some of them are living and I want to respect their privacy.
Frank and Theresa's wedding day

During their marriage, Theresa and Frank lived in Maple River, Iowa, Breda, Iowa, Fonda, Iowa (on Moore's farm and later the Lampe farm, moving into the town of Fonda after a tornado damaged the house and 22 buildings on the Lampe farm), and their final move was in 1950 to a farm west of Fairfax, Minnesota.

Frank died in 1964, and Theresa lived with her son Stanley on the farm for a while. Later she lived in a mobile home before moving to an apartment. Her last year was spent in a nursing home in Mapleton, Blue Earth, Minnesota. Theresa died in Mapleton on 28 January 1988 at the age of 84.

So as not to be redundant, you can read more about the life of Theresa and Frank by going to my first post, which can be found here.

Theresa on the right, with her
mother Mary before 1955

Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 6

The last Woltermann male about whom I have information is Geert Jans Woltermann, my husband's 5th great-grandfather. What I do have on him is very limited. I know nothing about his parents, or when he was born.

On 22 November 1765, Geert married Hindertje Michels. The marriage took place in Weener, Ostfriesland, Germany. As I mentioned in the last post, they had at least one child - Jan Geert Woltermann.

To date I have found no records on the death dates of either Geert or his wife, Hindertje.

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 5

The father of Gerrit Jans Woltermann, who I wrote about last week, was Jan Geert Woltermann. Jan was born 24 October 1761 in Mohlenwarf, Lower Saxony, Germany to Geert Jans and Hindertje (Michels) Woltermann. He was baptized 25 October 1761 in Hannover, Germany. While he undoubtedly had siblings, I have not yet found any records for any brothers or sisters.

Weener, Germany
On 6 May 1781 Jan Geert Woltermann married Gepke Boelen in Weener, Lower Saxony, Germany. The town of Weener is on the Ems River near the border of the Netherlands. Gepke Boelen was born 20 March 1760 in Tichelwarf, Ostfriesland, Germany. They had the following children: Gerrit Jans born in 1792, Jan born in 1797, and Hindertje born in 1804.

Jan Geert Woltermann died 8 July 1816 in Tichelwarf, Ostfriesland, Germany at the age of 54. It is unclear when his wife Gepke passed away.

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 4

First, let me mention that the Woltermann families were members of the Lutheran Church in Germany. Their town of Stapelmoorheide was located in Church District V. To date I have been unable to identify which church they worshipped in. Perhaps it was the Cross Church in nearby Stapelmoor, which is one of the oldest churches in Ostfriesland.

Cross Church

Johann (John) Gerhard was the subject of last week’s post. This week I’ll be talking about his father, Gerrit Jans Woltermann. Gerrit was born 21 November 1792 in Stapelmoorheide, Ostfriesland, Germany to Jan Geerds Woltermann and Gepke (Boelen) Woltermann. His brother Jan was born 6 October 1797, and brother Hindertje about 1804 in the same town.

On 29 March 1829, Gerrit married Helena Jans Boze in Hannover. Helena was born in Brual, Emsland, Germany, which is 4 km from Stapelmoorheide but 260 km from Hannover. Why were they married in Hannover? The Cross Church in Stapelmoor would have been much closer since it was just 3.5 km away.

Gerrit and Helena set up their household in Stapelmoorheide, where son Johann (John) Gerhard was born on 24 June 1829. (Maybe they married in Hannover because Helena was 6 months pregnant at the time of their marriage?) Their daughter Antje was born 16 September 1832. Antje married Johann Eugene Williams around 1852, and they had three sons: Wilhelm born in 1853, Heinrich born in 1857, and Johann born in 1862. Unfortunately, Antje died on 23 October 1865 at the age of 33.

Gerrit and Helena made the decision to leave their homeland in 1869. His brother Hindertje had died in 1828, and his brother Jan in 1859, With the passing of their daughter Antje in 1865, perhaps they felt there was nothing keeping them in Germany. Especially since their son Johann had emigrated with his family in 1868.

When Gerrit and Helena left Germany, their daughter's three sons accompanied them. I have no information on whether Antje’s husband Johann was still alive at that time or not. He was not listed as being on the ship with them. Gerrit was 77, Helena 70, Wilhelm 17, Heinrich 12, and Johann 6. They traveled aboard the bark "Olbers".

bark Olbers
A bark (or barque) is a sailing ship of three or more masts, having the foremasts rigged square and the aftertaste rigged fore-and-aft. The journey from Germany to the United States on one of these sailing vessels could take anywhere from five to eight weeks, depending on the winds and weather. Passengers typically had to bring their own food, bedding, and pots and pans. Due to close living quarters and poor sanitary conditions, travel for the elderly and children was particularly hazardous.

The "Olbers" was named for Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (1758-1840), who was a famous physician and astronomer from Bremerhaven. It was built by J.C. Tecklenborg in Bremehaven and delivered to its owner, a shipping company named D.H. Watjen & Co., on 23 May 1863. Its gross tonnage was 894, the length was 151.5’, the beam was 32.1’ and the draft was 20.8’.

Herman Dieke was Master of the "Olbers", which sailed from the Port of Bremen to Baltimore, Maryland. There were 392 passengers on this particular passage. In notes that were transcribed by the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild, it is noted that the Woltermann family was from Stapelmoor, Ostriesland, and that the three children were the grandchildren of Gerrit. It also states that Helena was the second wife of Gerrit, and that her maiden name was Boose/Boze. So far I have seen no records to indicate that Gerrit was married prior to his 1829 marriage to Helena. Most importantly, it is also recorded that Gerrit died on the journey and was buried at sea.

The "Olbers" arrived in Baltimore on 20 July 1869. Helena somehow got herself and the three children from Baltimore to Forreston, Ogle, Illinois where her son Johann (John) and his wife Anna and their children had been living since leaving Germany the previous year. In the Forreston 1870 census, Helena was in the household of John and his family, and so was her grandson Johann. I have found her other grandson Wilhelm living with another family in Forreston as a hired hand, but I don’t know where Heinrich was residing. He would have only been 13 at that time. In the 1880 census Heinrich was living with brother Wilhelm and his family in Forreston, and Johann was a farm hand living with an unrelated Forreston family.

By 1880 Johann (John) and Anna had moved to Carroll County, Iowa and Helena went with them. She died after 1880, probably in Wheatland Township, Carroll, Iowa. It is unclear where she was buried. I do not see a burial listing for her at Saint Bernard Cemetery in Breda, which is where her son and some of his family were laid to rest.

Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 3

My husband’s paternal great-great-grandfather was Johann (John) Gerhard Woltermann. As mentioned previously, the name was spelled Woltermann in Germany. That is also the way it was spelled on the ship manifest when the Woltermanns emigrated in 1868. But the family seemed to drop the second “n” in America.

John was born 24 June 1829 in Stapelmoorheide, Ostfriesland, Germany to Gerrit Jans and Helena (Boze) Woltermann. He was baptized 28 June 1829 in Stapelmoorheide. John’s sister, Antje, was born in 1832.

Anna and John with family ~1886
On 6 May 1856, John married Anna Klaasen in Stapelmoorheide. He was 26 years old, and Anna was 21. Their first four children - Helena, Gerhard, Peter, and Gertrude - were born in Germany, while the last two - Anna and John - were born in the United States. I discussed their emigration to America in 1868 in the previous post, which can be found here. John was 39 and Anna 34 when they made the journey. The children were 11, 9, 6, and 1.

In the 1870 census, John and his family were living in Forreston, Ogle County, Illinois. John is shown to be employed as a carpenter. His 72 year-old mother Helena was living with them, as well as Anna’s mother Gertrude Peters, age  62. It is interesting that while I found a birth record in Germany for Anna Klaasen that lists Gertrude Peters as her mother, no father was indicated on the record. The fact that her name is listed as Gertrude Peters could mean that she never married Anna's father.

John and Anna's daughter, also named Anna, was born in Illinois about 1874. Their son John was born in Carroll County, Iowa in 1876. Obviously they moved from Illinois to Iowa between 1874 and 1876.

In the 1880 census the family was living in Wheatland Township, Carroll County, Iowa, where John was farming. His mother, Helena was still living with them at this time, but his mother-in-law was not. This is the only census that their daughter Anna appears in as she was born about 1874. Since she is not in the photograph above and I cannot find any other records on her, I'm guessing Anna died sometime between the 1880 census and the time this picture was taken.

John and Anna's farm in Iowa

Anna died 31 October 1901 in Breda. She was 67 years old. John died at the age of 78 on 30 November 1907, also  in Breda. They are buried in Saint Bernard Cemetery in Breda.

Anna and John's graves

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Wolterman Genealogy - Week 2

Last week I wrote about Frank Conrad Wolterman, my husband’s paternal grandfather. This week Frank’s father, Gerhard (George) Wolterman is the topic of discussion. George was the son of Johann (John) Gerhard and Anna (Klaasen) Wolterman, and he was born 18 December 1859 in Stapelmoorheide, Ostfriesland, Germany. He was baptized 19 December 1859 in Weener, which is 6.7 km from Stapelmoorheide.

George’s siblings included: Helena Maria born in 1857, Peter Johannes born in 1862, Gertrude Mary born in 1867, Anna born in 1874, and John born in 1876. The first 4 children were born in Stapelmoorheide, and the last 2 were born in the United States. The family name was spelled Woltermann in Germany.

Stapelmoorheide, Germany

Ostfriesland is an area in the northwest corner of Germany on the North Sea coast. It is located within Germany’s second largest state, Lower Saxony. Stapelmoorheide, in the County of Leer, is about 526 km west of Berlin, and 129 km west of Bremen. It was and is a small rural community. Nearby Stapelmoor was combined with Stapelmoorheide in 1974.

John, Anna and their children emigrated to the United States in 1868, arriving in New York City on 10 April aboard the ship “Manhattan”. It is interesting that they departed from Liverpool, England instead of much closer emigrant port of Bremerhaven. Perhaps the fare was cheaper from Liverpool, but it would be interesting to know how they got from their hometown to Liverpool.

The “Manhattan” was a steamship built in 1866 by Palmer’s Shipbuilding & Iron Co. at Newcastle, England. It had 3 decks, an iron hull, inverted engines, a speed of 10 knots, and accommodated 72 First Class passengers, and 800 Third Class passengers. The passage from Liverpool to New York averaged 14.7 days.  The captain of the ship was James Williams. John’s occupation was listed as Laborer.

Steamer Manhattan

From August of 1855 until April of 1890, immigrants arriving in New York were processed through the Emigrant Landing Depot at Castle Garden. Over 8 million immigrants came through this center during that time period, most of whom were from Germany, Ireland, England, Scotland, Sweden, Italy, Russia, and Denmark. More than 1 in 6 native-born Americans are descendants of the 8 million who entered the United States through Castle Garden.

Castle Garden, photo from National Archives

The Wolterman family first settled in Forreston, a small village in Ogle County, Illinois, but by 1874 they were living in Wheatland Township, Carroll County, Iowa where they had a family farm. On 6 February 1883, George married Catherine Woerdehoff in Breda, Carroll County, Iowa. George was 23 years of age and Catherine was 20. On the Wheatland Township land map from 1906, which I have enlarged below, you can see that the Wolterman land was adjacent to the Woerdehoff farm, so perhaps that is how George and Catherine met. George's brother Peter also owned a nearby farm.

Wheatland Township 1906

Wolterman land 1906

Catherine and George Wolterman
George and Catherine had the following children: Margaret born in 1883, John Alvis born in 1885, Anna C. born in 1886, Gertrude born in 1888, Catharine Margaret born in 1889, Gerhard Jacob (George) born in 1891, Bernadine born in 1893, Peter J. born in 1895, Leonilla Mary born in 1898, Frank Conrad born in 1899, Clara Helena born in 1901, Edmund J. born in 1903, and Albin A. born in 1907.

George continued to farm until his death on 31 March 1921. He was 61 years old. By the 1930 census, Catherine owned a home valued at $1,800 in the town of Breda. She was living next door to her daughter Catherine Margaret Ocken. Catherine died 15 August 1935, and she and George are both buried in Saint Bernard Cemetery in Breda.

George and Catherine Wolterman graves


Thursday, January 10, 2019

My 2019 Genealogy Writing Challenge

Having been unsuccessful in searching for a new genealogy writing challenge for this year, I decided to come up with one of my own. Each week I will be writing about the family I married into 40 years ago. As they say, you can choose your spouse, but you don’t get to choose the family that comes along with him or her. I’ve been blessed in both my husband and his extended family, who have always treated me as one of their own. This year I’m going to work my way backwards through the Wolterman clan, and in respect to the living, I will begin with my husband’s grandfather. Initially I will be focusing on the Wolterman men, and when I've gone back as far as my information allows, I'll switch to the females in the family tree.

George & Catherine Wolterman Family ~1915

Frank Conrad Wolterman was born 4 November 1899 in Wheatland Township, Carroll County, Iowa, the 10th of 13 children born to Gerhard (George) and Catherine (Woerdehoff) Wolterman. Frank’s siblings were: Margaret born in 1883, John born in 1885, Anna born in 1886, Gertrude born in 1888, Catherine born in 1889, Gerhard (George) born in 1891, Bernadine born in 1893, Peter born in 1895, Leonilla born in 1898, Clara born in 1901, Edmund born in 1903, and Albin born in 1907. All of the children were born in Carroll County, Iowa and grew up on the farm owned by their father.

Breda, Iowa ~1910
The nearest town was Breda, which was formed in 1877 when the Maple branch of the Chicago and Northwestern railroad was built through the territory. The town was named after the Dutch city of Breda. Many of the first settlers, however, came to the area from Galena, IL in 1869.

By 1899 there were 425 residents, mostly of German descent who spoke in their own native language. There were also 19 residents who spoke English and 11 who spoke Dutch. The vast majority of the community members were Catholic, and they attended church in Mt. Carmel. Tired of trudging the 5.5 miles on foot, by horseback or wagon, they petitioned the Catholic Church to construct one in their own town. By 1880 they had built the original wood frame St. Bernard Church in Breda. In 1888 a brick church was completed to handle the growing church population.

St. Bernard Church ~1910

When he was 18, Frank filled out a registration card for the World War 1 draft at the Local Board for the County of Carroll, State of Iowa. It was dated 12 September 1918. On it, he indicated that he was medium height, medium build, with blue eyes and black hair. It was very lucky for him that the war ended 11 November 1918.

Frank & Theresa's wedding day
Just a few short years later, it was at St. Bernard Church that Frank married Theresa Kathryn Determan on 6 June 1922.  He was 22 years old. Theresa, the daughter of Johann August and Mary Anna (Luchtel) Determan, was 19. The couple met at a shower for her stepsister, and they attended dances together. Theresa wore a wedding gown that had been sewn by her sister, Martha. Frank and Theresa had 11 children: Clarice, Rosemary, Duane, Gerald, Jeanette, Marilyn, Shirley, Stanley, Maribeth, Muriel, and Joleen.

Frank, like his father, was a farmer. They first farmed by Wall Lake in Sac County, Iowa, then in Maple River Township. The 1930 census from Maple River Township in Carroll County indicates that he was renting the property. Sometime between 1930 and 1935 the family moved to the Fonda, Iowa area. On the 1940 census Frank listed that they were renting a farm in Williams Township, Calhoun County, Iowa, and that the family had been in the same house in 1935. Williams Township is just south of Fonda. In 1950 they moved one final time to Fairfax, Minnesota, with Frank and his sons driving the combine and tractors all the way from Iowa to Minnesota. What a sight that must have been!

Frank & Theresa Wolterman family ~1945

On 9 October 1964 Frank died at the age of 64. He and Theresa had been married for 42 years. Theresa lived another 24 years, and was 84 when she died on 28 January 1988. Frank and Theresa are both buried in Saint Andrews Catholic Cemetery in Fairfax.

Wolterman graves